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Assign static device name using udev rules
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Assign static device name using udev rules
Emanuele Papa
Emanuele Papa
October 24, 2015
1 min

How can you assign static device name using udev rules to a USB device? Why do you need it?

Imagine you made a script which refers to a particular device you could plugin trough USB port: sometimes this device could be mounted as /dev/sdb1, sometimes as /dev/sdc1, and so on. You may need a static reference to it because you didn’t know which name it will use.

Another scenario could be a startup mount of a drive as discussed in How to mount ntfs partition at startup

To achieve this, let first discover some attributes of our device using the command

sudo lsusb

We will receive an output like this:

emanuele@ubuntu:~$ lsusb
Bus 002 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub
Bus 008 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub
Bus 007 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub
Bus 006 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub
Bus 001 Device 004: ID 1058:107c Western Digital Technologies, Inc.

Have a look at the Western Digital Technologies row, this is the device we are looking for: 1058 is the Vendor ID and 107c is the Product ID! We will use these information to uniquely identify our device.

Now, let’s create a new udev rule typing

sudo nano /etc/udev/rules.d/99-my_rules.rules

and writing the following into the file

ACTION=="add", ATTRS{idVendor}=="1058", ATTRS{idProduct}=="107c", SYMLINK+="my_wd_usb_hd"

where the ATTRS numbers are the ones we discovered before, while my_wd_usb_hd is the name we choose for our device.

Now let’s reboot our pc! Everytime it reboots this rule will be applied and we will always find our device under /dev/my_wd_usb_hd


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Mount NTFS partition at startup
Emanuele Papa

Emanuele Papa

Android Developer

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